Published: Fri, October 13, 2017
Global | By Shelia Dennis

Lavrov says Tehran abides by all commitments on Iran nuclear deal

Lavrov says Tehran abides by all commitments on Iran nuclear deal

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley have said the U.S. interprets the agreement differently than the other countries involved. Experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will monitor nuclear facilities in Iran for the next 25 years.

"He's not walking away from it".

European allies are warning of a split with the United States on the issue. Even Iran hawks who are close to Trump, like Sen.

In his planned address, Trump is expected to declare that the deal is not in America's national interest.

The other signatories to the JCPOA - the UK, France, Germany, Russia, China and Iran, have said it is not realistic to try to renegotiate its terms.

The greatest European fear was that Trump would torpedo the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), by reimposing sanctions, or calling on Congress to do so.

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However, the move is seen as a signal that Trump is willing to impose similar sanctions through his own executive action or pressure Congress into doing so through the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015.

Officials familiar with the internal deliberations as well as informed sources outside the administration say they do not believe Trump will call for Congress to reinstate the sanctions.

Analysts disagree on the impact of reimposed USA sanctions, especially if European sanctions remain frozen.

European allies have complained that the White House has not presented a plan on how to push back Iranian influence, particularly in Syria, where the Trump administration has insisted it did not want to get involved in the civil war, preferring to focus exclusively on fighting the Islamic State.

Since taking office, the Trump administration has also signed multiple waivers for nuclear sanctions against Iran. Tillerson also met Senator Ben Cardin, D-Maryland, on Wednesday at the State Department to discuss the subject, a congressional aide told American Broadcasting Corporation. Cardin's spokesman said the objective of the meeting was to go over the administration's plan for the nuclear deal. The law was meant to give Congress an oversight role over the nuclear deal.

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Some Democrats complain it would be hard to join in a bipartisan plan to restrain Iran's nuclear ambitions.

"Once that we have an agreement that is functioning, that is working, that is delivering, the worst thing you can do is trying to dismantle it, also because you would show the way to others that making deals actually is not worth it, because the message that America would send to the rest of the world is that America cannot be trusted upon", she said. But Trump more recently has said he does not expect to certify Iran's compliance with the October deadline looming. "Ironically he may have limited our ability to confront Iran, rather than expand it".

If the USA made a decision to reimpose nuclear-related sanctions on Iran, it would be in breach of the JCPOA.

Ed Royce, the Republican chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, has said that though the deal is "flawed, I believe we must now enforce the hell out of it".

"I think I speak for a lot of us who opposed the agreement". North Korea's leaders, meanwhile, would have little incentive to negotiate a nuclear disarmament if they see the Iran deal collapse, he said.

On Wednesday, head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi said that Iran is considering "various scenarios" in response to Trump's "probable withdrawal" from the global nuclear deal.

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In a Tuesday phone call with British Prime Minister Theresa May, Trump expressed the need to work together "to hold the Iranian regime accountable for its malign and destabilizing activities, especially its sponsorship of terrorism and its development of threatening missiles", according to the White House.

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