Published: Wed, January 03, 2018
Medicine | By Melba Vasquez

Scientists Expect Chocolate to Go Extinct by 2050

Scientists Expect Chocolate to Go Extinct by 2050

Mars claims it can save the treat by creating genetically modified "super chocolate".

According to the Daily Mail, the trees can only grow 20 degrees north and south of the equator, under very specific climate conditions and therefore the predicted temperature rise of just two degrees is expected to complete wreak havoc with their ability to grow.

Using the gene-editing machine CRISPR, the team hopes to make cacao plants more resilient to the changing weather conditions around the world. Scientists now predict that chocolate - which POTUS will sometimes eat to celebrate making important military decisions - could become impossible to grow in the coming decades because of hotter temperatures and less rain in regions where cacao plants are cultivated.

That means cacao production areas are set to be pushed thousands of feet uphill into mountainous terrain which is carefully preserved for wildlife. As temperatures rise, cacao growers will have to move their crops - which is hard, because much of the higher terrain is protected for wildlife.

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African nations Ivory Coast and Ghana produce more than half the world's cocoa but are forecast to be hit by rising temperatures and droughts.

Scientists are already tweaking cocoa plant DNA to make the crops cheaper and more reliable.

Mars has pledged $1 billion (£0.7 million) in September as part of an effort called "Sustainability Generation".

"We're endeavoring to bet everything here", Barry Parkin, Mars' central supportability officer, revealed to Business Insider.

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It's all thanks to a new technology called CRISPR, which allows for tiny, precise tweaks to DNA that were never possible before.

Mars, the $35 billion enterprise best known for Snickers, knows about these issues and others displayed by environmental change.

"These changes in climatic suitability are predicted to take place over a time period of nearly 40 years, so they will mostly impact the next rather than the current generation of cocoa trees and farmers", Peter Läderach and his co-authors said in a 2013 study.

Research titled Destruction by Chocolate found that a typical western consumer chocolate eats an average of 286 chocolate bars a year - more if they are from Belgium.

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