Published: Thu, February 15, 2018
Medicine | By Melba Vasquez

Eating Slower Tied to Lower Obesity Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

Eating Slower Tied to Lower Obesity Risk in Type 2 Diabetes

Authors of the study added that people changed the speed of their eating through the research that suggests that if you modify the way you eat you can lose weight.

A study of type 2 diabetics found a link between eating slowly and lower BMI, as well as lower waist circumference.

According to the study in the Journal BMJ Open, those who eat slow give their bodies time to register that it's eaten something.

The World Health Organization considers those with a body mass index (BMI), a body mass-to-height ratio, of 25 to be overweight and those with a BMI of 30 or higher to be obese. It is worth noting that in Japan a BMI of 25 or over is considered obese, whereas in the United Kingdom 25 to 29 is overweight and only 30 and above is considered obese.

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The study used data from health checks with 59,717 Japanese people who had type 2 diabetes.

Skipping breakfast did not seem to have any effect.

The study relied on people's own reports of how quickly they ate, without defining speed as other than fast, normal or slow.

Although the study speculates there is an association with eating speed and obesity, it does not prove that eating speed either causes or prevents obesity. The study tracked almost 60,000 people and discovered that how fast they ate and the timing of their evening meal and snacks appeared to be significant factors in whether they ended up obese or managed to lose weight. "It takes fast eaters longer to feel full simply because they don't allow time for the gut hormones to tell the brain to stop eating".

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"In contrast, eating slowly may help to increase feelings of satiety before an excessive amount of food is ingested". "Those who naturally eat slowly may be attending to their body's cues for fullness, and eat a more appropriate portion during each eating occasion", Nina Crowley, Ph.D., a registered dietitian nutritionist and health psychologist working at the Medical University of SC, told CBS News. The results reveal that those who switched to eating more slowly between health checks, not snacking after dinner or eating dinner just before going to bed all showed signs of a reduction in their BMI.

Jebb said that while there's little definitive proof that slowing your eating speed has a direct impact on your weight, it's unlikely to hurt.

Participants were divided into three categories based on eating speed: fast (n = 22,070; 27.3% women; mean age, 46.6 years; 44.8% with obesity); normal (n = 33,455; 36.5% women; mean age, 48.1 years; 29.6% with obesity); or slow (n = 4,192; 44.4% women; mean age, 46.5 years; 21.5% with obesity). The results found that it was the slower eaters who had healthier lifestyles than people who ate faster. Of course, it's also of great importance to continue maintaining a healthy lifestyle and eat healthy food.

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